Revised Concise Content—expands and clarifies the purposes of assessment for teaching and learning. In keeping with the climate of standards-based accountability, the book now includes even more information on No Child Left Behind and its implications for teachers and students. More refined standards for reliability and validity are presented. Detailed information is given on the processes teachers use to plan and create effective tests including a section on how to anchor test questions in learning objectives. This edition also includes more material on keeping track of student learning in progress before giving formal assessments.