Writing Minilessons (WML)

Foster joyful writing with minilessons that spark creativity, imagination, and learning.

The Writing Minilessons Books provide brief, focused, explicit lessons that help children understand and apply the characteristics of effective writing and nurture their ability to write with purpose, imagination, and voice.


Develop children’s deep knowledge of literacy concepts with these must-have interactive writing and writing minilessons – concise, explicit, whole-group lessons with a purposeful application in building children’s literacy power.

With the Writing Minilessons Books at your fingertips…

  • share the pen to scaffold emergent writing
  • focus learning on a single idea so children can apply the learning and build on it daily
  • foster community through the development of shared language
  • use an inquiry approach to support active, constructive learning
  • make connections using mentor texts from interactive read-aloud and shared reading
  • create relevance by linking to earlier learning experiences
  • expand students writing competencies and link them to reading
  • generate anchor charts for student reference
  • nurture student independence with opportunities to extend learning

Explore the Fountas & Pinnell Literacy Continuum

Proficient readers and writers display recognizable behaviors at every stage of literacy learning. When teachers notice, teach, and support these behaviors, they link assessment to responsive teaching. This indispensable literacy tool identifies the behaviors that demonstrate thinking and understanding within, beyond, and about a text. These behaviors are described as continua of learning across eight instructional contexts.

Explore what the Fountas & Pinnell Literacy Continuum is, what’s included, how it’s implemented, and gain access to samplers, research, webinars, and more.

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FPC Research

Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell are committed to the important role of research in the development and ongoing evaluation of Fountas & Pinnell Classroom (FPC).

See all FPC Research Base

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