Table of Contents

Introduction: Not Just Stories, but Oral Mentor Texts

  • What Do We Mean by Oral Mentor Texts?
  • But How Can I Fit It In?
  • How to Use This Book

Chapter 1. Why Oral Mentor Texts?

  • The Gasp Heard ’Round the Media Center: The Thirty Million Word Gap
  • Teaching Oral Language Skills Explicitly
  • The Importance of Retelling
  • Going About It
  • Oral Mentor Texts Throughout the Year
  • Common Core State Standards Supported
  • Supporting English Language Learners

Chapter 2. Choosing and Building a Class Story

  • Laying the Groundwork: Sharing Stories from Our Lives
  • Choosing or Orchestrating a Shared Experience
  • Building the Story
  • Identifying the Standards
  • List the Reading, Writing, Language, and/or Speaking and Listening Skills You Will Teach for the Month (or Unit of Study)
  • Highlight the Skills You Want to Include in Your Shared Class Narrative
  • Expanding Class Stories Throughout the Year

Chapter 3. Learning and Practicing the Class Story

  • Structures for Learning a Class Story
  • Echo Telling
  • Adding Symbols
  • Using Gestures
  • Choral Telling
  • Structures for Practicing a Class Story
  • Get Good at Telling One Sentence/Incident
  • Tell It in a Circle
  • Use Popcorn Telling
  • Tell It Like a Book
  • Tell It to a Partner
  • Tell It to an Audience
  • An Example of Effective Feedback
  • Celebrating the Class Story
  • Making the Home Connection

Chapter 4. Using Oral Mentor Texts to Teach Writing

  • Oral Class Stories Help Writers Find and Write Stories
  • Oral Class Stories Support Whole-Group Writing Instruction
  • Oral Class Stories Support One-to-One Writing Instruction
  • Oral Class Stories Teach Writing Craft
  • Strong Leads
  • Strong Endings
  • Dialogue
  • Story Language
  • Speaker Tags
  • Adjectives
  • Varied Sentence Structures
  • Precise Verbs
  • English Grammar and Usage
  • Rich Vocabulary
  • Elaboration
  • Similes/Metaphors
  • Alliteration
  • Repeating Lines
  • Temporal Words
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Magic Three
  • Slowing Down a Moment
  • Ellipses
  • Inserting a Poem/Song
  • Inserting a Fact
  • Inserting a How-To Box
  • Inserting a Persuasive Letter
  • Oral Class Stories in Whole-Class Writing Lessons
  • Writing Minilessons
  • Oral Class Stories Support Conferences with Writers
  • Conference 1
  • Conference 2
  • Oral Class Stories Provide Additional Practice in Writing Centers

Chapter 5. Using Oral Mentor Texts to Teach Reading

  • Retelling
  • Developing Vocabulary
  • Paying Attention to Punctuation
  • Finding and Using Text-Based Evidence
  • Visualizing
  • Identifying the Beginning, Middle, and End
  • Summarizing
  • Identifying Story Elements
  • Identifying Character Traits
  • Describing Internal and External Character Traits
  • Understanding That Characters Grow and Change
  • Comparing and Contrasting Characters
  • Inferring
  • Oral Class Stories in Whole-Class Reading Lessons
  • Reading Minilessons
  • Using Class Stories in Literacy Centers

Chapter 6. Partnership and Individual Oral Stories

  • Oral Partnership Stories
  • Oral Partnership Minilessons
  • Individual Stories

Conclusion: Class Stories and Beyond

A: Story Recording Sheet Template
B: Partnership Rubric for Finding and Building an Oral Story
C: Story Recording Sheet Example
D: Partnership Rubric for Practicing an Oral Story
E: Individual Rubric for Finding and Building an Oral Story
F: Individual Rubric for Practicing an Oral Story
G: Individual Rubric for Presenting an Oral Story