In 1950, the United Nations founded the World Health Organization (WHO). It is an agency that focuses on the public health of the world at large. Over the years, the WHO has worked to eradicate diseases such as smallpox, and it also focuses on communicable diseases such as tuberculosis and AIDS.
World Health Day is celebrated every year on the anniversary of the founding of the WHO. Each year, regional, local, and international events are organized on this day related to a theme that will draw attention to a current world health issue. In 2020, the theme is Universal Healthcare. The overall intention for this international movement in 2020 is to call upon world leaders to provide quality health care for all people, everywhere in the world.
Introduce the topic of World Health Day by asking students to:
Next ask students what they think it means to be healthy. Accept several answers. Provide each student with blank paper and markers or crayons. Ask them to draw their face in the middle and then add symbols of things they do to keep them healthy. Post on a board with the title “I AM HEALTHY!”
After sharing and posting the pictures, do a walk-about and see what everyone has done to show how they are healthy.
Close by reminding students that they are very lucky to be so healthy, as not everyone in the world has clean water, nutritious food, or clean and safe places to play.
Watch the YouTube video here.
After viewing, ask:
Explain that they are going to get an opportunity to share how lucky they are to have access to clean water and affordable health care. Ask each student to write a letter to the local newspaper explaining what they have learned as part of World Health Day and why they feel fortunate to live in Canada.
* Remind them to protect their privacy by signing only their first name (or alias and age) e.g. Ruth, age 8
Share some of the letters and send them off to the local paper.
Note: Depending on your students’ writing skills, you can prepare a form letter with the background information or guide students through an appropriate writing process.
Engage in a group discussion about what it means to be healthy (this could also be done as a group activity with brainstorming or word maps). Discuss what resources are needed to be healthy (e.g., water, nutrition, shelter, medicine).
Expand the discussion through questions such as :
Explain that there are a lot of people in Canada and other parts of the world that donate their time, money, resources and ideas to help others less fortunate.
Watch the YouTube story about a young Canadian boy, Ryan Hreljac, who made a huge difference in the lives of people who were less fortunate.
When Passion Meets Vision: The Ryan Hreljac Story
After viewing, ask students to work in small groups to brainstorm ways that they could make a difference in the health of others (e.g., raise money for the Ryan’s Well Foundation; grow a garden of fresh vegetables for your community soup kitchen) Vote on the most practical ideas and make it happen!
Note: You may wish to explore the efforts of other Canadians who have made a huge contribution to the world. You could examine Terry Fox and his Marathon of Hope, Craig Keilburger and his Free the Children Campaign, or maybe even someone in your own school or community!