Independent Reading (IR)


Promote lifelong reading habits with books that are worthy of student CHOICE.

The FPC Independent Reading Collection is made up of carefully curated, authentic children’s literature that provides the opportunity for students to develop tastes as readers and to read a large number of self-selected books independently.

  • What is it?
  • What's inside?
  • How is it implemented?

What is it?

The FPC Independent Reading Collections were curated to provide high-quality trade books that help students explore their interests, flourish as readers, and develop the ability to independently read increasingly challenging texts.

They can be used to begin or augment your classroom library. Each book has been carefully selected to ensure the collection is appropriate, engaging, and represents a diverse range of experiences and cultures. The collection includes a conferring card for each book. Through quick individual conferences, teachers can observe and extend children's understanding of the text as well as support their thinking.

IR What is it?

What's inside?

Collection Guide

  • A brief overview of the components and implementation of the FPC Independent Reading Collection.

Collection Guide

Independent Reading Books

150 titles per grade K-2 | 200 titles per grade 3-6

  • A carefully curated collection of authentic children’s literature that provides the opportunity for students to develop tastes as readers and to read a large number of self-selected books independently.

Reading Books

Conferring Cards

  • Conferring cards for each title, plus genre-based prompting cards to make specific teaching points in brief conversations that lead individual readers forward.

Conferring Cards

Online Resources

  • The resources needed for each independent reading conference, including PDFs of each conferring card and a video library

How is it implemented?

During independent reading, children read books of their choosing while the teacher creates opportunities to share ideas through minilessons and brief conferences.

Children read texts that are generally at their independent reading level, then they share their thinking through discussion and writing. The teaching occurs in brief conferring conferences that support children’s thinking.

Turning a vision into action requires a carefully laid out plan. You may be asking yourself, “Where do I start?” With a pen in hand, start here, in this action plan, thinking together with colleagues. The 4 steps in this Interactive Action Plan are designed to put you, your students, and your school on the path to literacy success.

Download Interactive Action Plan

Action plan

For detailed guidance on unpacking your system, setting up your resources, and organizing your classroom, download the FPC Interactive Unpacking and Implementation Plan.

Download Interactive Implementation Plan

Implementation plan


Explore the Fountas & Pinnell Literacy Continuum

Proficient readers and writers display recognizable behaviors at every stage of literacy learning. When teachers notice, teach, and support these behaviors, they link assessment to responsive teaching. This indispensable literacy tool identifies the behaviors that demonstrate thinking and understanding within, beyond, and about a text. These behaviors are described as continua of learning across eight instructional contexts.

Literacy Continuum

Explore what the Fountas & Pinnell Literacy Continuum is, what’s included, how it’s implemented, and gain access to samplers, research, webinars, and more.

Explore the Continuum


FPC Research

Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell are committed to the important role of research in the development and ongoing evaluation of Fountas & Pinnell Classroom (FPC).

See all FPC Research Base


Quick Links


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