Table of Contents
Exploring Geography: Asking Questions and Seeking Answers
Thinking like a Geographer
A Model for Critical Thinking
Zoom In: Geotechnology at Sea
Interactions with the Physical Environment
Big Question: What are the interrelationships within the natural environment and how are they related to where Canadians live?
Chapter 1 – Where Do Canadians Live and Work?
Chapter Question: Exactly where in this vast country do Canadians live?
- Oh! Canada?
- Big Country, Small Population
- Zoom In: Identifying Canadian Communities Using Census Data
- People Patterns and Terminology
- Viewpoints: Does It Matter If Areas Far from Large Cities Lose Population?
- Reflect and Analyze: Where Do Canadians Live and Work?
Chapter 2 – Exploring Connections: Landforms, Geology, and Human Activities
Chapter Question: How do different landforms and geologic processes contribute to where and how people live?
- Why Do Cities Sprawl Over the Best Farmland?
- Patterns and Processes
- Landform Processes
- Zoom In: Drop, Cover, and Hold On! Earthquakes in British Columbia
- Rock Cycle
- Landform Patterns
- Landform Regions of Canada
- Reflect and Analyze: Exploring Connections: Landforms, Geology, and Human Activities
Chapter 3 – Exploring Connections: Climate, Soils, and Natural Vegetation and Human Activities
Chapter Question: How do different climate, soil, and natural vegetation regions contribute to where and how people live?
- Climate Change Up Close
- Climate Processes
- Zoom In: Reading Climate Graphs
- Climate Regions of Canada
- Viewpoints: Which Part of Canada Has the “Nicest” Climate?
- Why Do We Treat Our Soil Like Dirt?
- Soil Processes
- Soil Patterns
- Zoom In: Tundra and Climate Change
- Natural Vegetation Processes
- Vegetation Patterns
- Reflect and Analyze: Exploring Connections: Climate, Soil, and Natural Vegetation and Human Activities
Unit Performance Task: Creating Your Own Regional Map of Canada
Resources and Industries
Big Question: How is our future tied to our ability to manage our natural and human resources effectively?
Chapter 4 – Rethinking How We View and Use Natural Resources
Chapter Question: Should we rethink how we perceive and use our natural resources?
- New Cars for New Times
- What Are Natural Resources?
- Types of Resources
- Resources and the 3Rs
- Zoom In: More than the Blue Box
- Viewpoints: Were the Good Old Days Really So Good?
- Rethinking Our Use of Resources
- We Need a Balanced Approach
- Reflect and Analyze: Rethinking How We View and Use Natural Resources
Chapter 5 – Managing Renewable Resources Successfully
Chapter Question: Why must we use our renewable resources in a sustainable way?
- Rethinking Our Seafood Choices
- Sustained Yield Management
- A Closer Look at Farming
- Zoom In: The Business of Farming
- A Closer Look at Forestry
- Viewpoints: Eat Locally vs. Eat Globally
- A Closer Look at Fishing
- Zoom In: Algonquin Park: An Example of Good Forest Management
- Zoom In: What Happened to the East Coast Cod? How Can We Manage Our Fish Resources Better?
- Reflect and Analyze: Managing Renewable Resources Successfully
Chapter 6 – Fresh Water–Canada’s Special Resource?
Chapter Question: Is fresh water our most important resource?
- Who Decides How We Use Our Water?
- Global Water Supply
- Global Water Demand
- Canada’s Water Resources
- The Local Picture
- Water Usage in Canada
- Water Issues for Your (and Canada’s) Future
- Viewpoints: What Should We Do About Bulk Water Sales?
- Reflect and Analyze: Fresh Water–Canada’s Special Resource?
Chapter 7 – Managing Non-Renewable Resources Successfully
Chapter Question: What is the most effective way to manage Canada’s non-renewable resources?
- Important…But Always Controversial?
- A Quick Overview of Non-Renewable Resources
- Viewpoints: Do We Need to Save Resources for the Future?
- A Closer Look at Fossil Fuels
- Zoom In: Should Environmentalists be Fans of Fracking?
- A Closer Look at Mining
- Zoom In: Energy Issues
- NIMBY or Not: Finding a Balance
- Zoom In: What Next for the Northern Ontario Ring of Fire?
- Reflect and Analyze: Managing Non-Renewable Resources Successfully
Chapter 8 – Prospects for Canadian Manufacturing
Chapter Question: Can Canada’s manufacturing sector recover from its recent decline?
- Do You—and Should We—Try to Buy Canadian-made Products?
- Breaking the Economy Down into Sectors
- Location Factors for Manufacturing
- Viewpoints: Should governments give auto companies money?
- Lost Manufacturing
- Zoom In: Matching the Location Factors
- Zoom In: Plant Closings: One Town’s Experience
- Free Trade and Manufacturing
- Manufacturing and Canada’s Foreign Trade
- What is Causing the Manufacturing Decline? Is There a Solution?
- Reflect and Analyze: Prospects for Canadian Manufacturing
Chapter 9 – The Service Sector and Its Role in the Economy
Chapter Question: Why should we be very concerned about the quantity and quality of jobs in the service sector?
- Why Does the Service Sector of the Economy Get so Little Attention?
- Breaking the Economy Down into Sectors
- Why You Will Likely Work in the Tertiary Sector
- It Is All About the Basics (and Non-basics)
- Zoom In: Service Businesses—All Shapes and Sizes
- Zoom In: What Happens When a Community’s Basic Jobs Disappear?
- Viewpoints: Is the Tertiary Sector the Most Important or the Least Important Part of the Economy?
- Reflect and Analyze: The Service Sector and Its Role in the Economy
Unit Performance Task: Who Manages Canada’s Resources and Industries?
Canada’s Changing Population
Big Question: Why are changes in population patterns over time critically important?
Chapter 10 – Canada’s Population
Chapter Question: How is Canada’s population changing, and why does this matter to your future?
- Understanding Canada’s Population Growth
- On an Average Day …
- Zoom In: Trends in Canada’s Natural Increase History
- Immigration: A Canadian Tradition
- Canada’s Immigration History
- How to Become an Immigrant
- Where Immigrants Settle
- Viewpoints: Does Canada Accept Too Many Immigrants?
- Internal Migration
- Dependency Ratios and What They Mean for You
- Reflect and Analyze: Canada’s Population
Chapter 11 – Population Issues for Canada and the World
Chapter Question: Why are population issues, both at home and globally, of critical importance for our future?
- Can Governments Control Population Growth? Should They?
- Demographic Change: Problems for Your Future or Opportunities?
- The Demographic Transition Model
- Viewpoints: Should Canada Have a One-Child Policy?
- Global Population Issues
- Canada’s Role in Reducing Global Population Issues
- Zoom In: Get on the Carousel With Population Issues
- Reflect and Analyze: Population Issues for Canada and the World
Performance Task: Challenges of a Changing Population
Chapter 12 – Land Use in Our Communities
Chapter Question: How does the way we use land in our communities relate to how we live?
- Issue: Our Lives on the Land
- Urban Land Use
- Transportation Land Use
- Residential Land Use
- Commercial Land Use
- Industrial Land Use
- Other Land Uses
- Open Space and Recreational Land Use
- Land-use Conflicts and Zoning
- Zoom In: Complimentary or Conflicting Land Use?
- Reflect and Analyze: Land Use in Our Communities
Chapter 13 – Creating Better, More Liveable Communities
Chapter Question: How do we make better choices to make our communities more liveable?
- The Challenge of Building Better Communities
- What Makes a Community Liveable?
- How Do We Balance Liveability with Urban Growth?
- Zoom In: More Than a Place to Grow
- Viewpoints: Is Compact Growth Really Better?
- Building Transportation Systems That Work
- Zoom In: The Big Move in southern Ontario
- Reflect and Analyze: Creating Better, More Liveable Communities
Chapter 14 – Measuring Our Progress Toward a Better World
Chapter Question: What is the best way to measure how we are doing in trying to achieve a more sustainable world?
- Can We Meet all of Our Wants and Needs and Still Be Environmentally Sustainable?
- Human Progress Indices: Why Keeping Score Matters
- Zoom In: Completing the Jigsaw
- Viewpoints: Is a Much Smaller Ecological Footprint Part of Canada’s Future?
- Reflect and Analyze: Measuring Our Progress Toward a Better World
Culminating Task: Liveable Communities