Table of Contents

Introduction

Acknowledgments

SECTION 1: NOT THIS

All-Text Science or No-Text Science

Fitting It All In

Goldilocks Was Searching for the Right Thing

SECTION 2: WHY NOT? WHAT WORKS?

How Integrating Science and Literacy Instruction Supports Students in Both Areas

The Authentic Role of Literacy in Science

Principle 1: Frame Student Investigations with a Scientific Purpose

Principle 2: Integrate "Hands-on" Science with Literacy to Support Science Learning

Principle 3: Help Students Read, Write, and Discuss Text in Science

SECTION 3: BUT THAT

Incorporating Literacy Practices That Are Authentic to Science

Principle 1: Frame Student Investigations with a Scientific Purpose

Principle 2: Integrate "Hands-on" Science with Literacy to Support Science Learning

Principle 3: Help Students Read, Write, and Discuss Text in Science

Afterward Nell K. Duke

References