Table of Contents

I. The Reading Process

1. Becoming a Critical Reader and Thinker

II. The Writing Process

2. Getting Started Through Prewriting

3. Identifying a Thesis

4. Supporting the Thesis with Evidence

5. Organizing the Evidence

6. Writing the Paragraphs in the First Draft

7. Revising Overall Meaning, Structure, and Paragraph Development

8. Revising Sentences and Words

9. Editing and Proofreading

III. Patterns of Development

10. Description

11. Narration

12. Illustration

13. Division-Classification

14. Process Analysis

15. Comparison-Contrast

16. Cause-Effect

17. Definition

18. Argumentation-Persuasion

IV. The Research Essay

19. Locating, Critically Evaluating, Analyzing, and Synthesizing Research Sources

20. Writing the Research Essay

V. The Literary Essay and Essay Exam

21. Writing About Literature

22. Writing Essay Exams

VI. A Concise Handbook