Table of Contents

PART 1: The Process of Writing

1 Assessing the Writing Situation
2 Discovering and Shaping Ideas
3 Drafting, Revising, and Editing
4 Writing and Revising Paragraphs
5 Presenting Writing

PART 2: Reading and Writing in and out of College

6 Writing in Academic Situations
7 Critical Reading and Writing
8 Reading Arguments Critically
9 Writing an Argument
10 Taking Essay Exams
11 Public Writing

PART 3: Grammatical Sentences

12 Understanding Sentence Grammar
13 Case of Nouns and Pronouns
14 Verbs
15 Agreement

PART 4: Clear Sentences

17 Sentence Fragments
18 Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
19 Pronoun Reference
20 Shifts
21 Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
22 Mixed and Incomplete Sentences

PART 5: Effective Sentences

23 Emphasizing Ideas
24 Using Coordination and Subordination
25 Using Parallelism
26 Achieving Variety

PART 6: Punctuation Chart

27 End Punctuation
28 The Comma
29 The Semicolon
30 The Apostrophe
31 Quotation Marks Chart
32 Other Punctuation Marks


PART 7: Mechanics

33 Capitals
34 Italics or Underlining
35 Abbreviations
36 Numbers



PART 8: Effective Words

37 Using Appropriate Language
38 Using Exact Language
39 Writing Concisely
40 Spelling and the Hyphen

PART 9: Research Writing

41 Planning a Research Project
42 Finding Sources
43 Working with Sources
44 Avoiding Plagiarism
45 Documenting Sources
46 Writing the Paper
47 Using MLA Documentation and Format
48 Two Research Papers in MLA Style

PART 10: Writing in the Academic Disciplines

49 Reading and Writing About Literature
50 Writing in Other Humanities
51 Writing in the Social Sciences
52 Writing in the Natural and Applied Sciences

Glossary of Usage
Glossary of Terms
Index